Policy Based Coordination approach is more useful Compare to Personal Relationship based coordination approach for Civil Military Organization during Joint Humanitarian Operation.
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Military Officer, Bangladesh Army
6 January 2013, 12:34
In Joint Humanitarian Operations (JHO) the main actors are the Civil and Military Organizations (CMO). JHOs need a firm understanding about how to respond most effectively. But in reality we can observe that due to different working mechanisms and culture, other agencies use different planning and decision-making processes than do military commands. As a result effective and timely response is being hindered. More so, command and control are not the only pre-requisite conditions in which to create a healthy working environment for CMO in a joint humanitarian operation. In order to create a firm and better inter-agency understanding there needs to be an understanding of the cultures and working mechanisms of each other. Therefore, coordination is the most effective tool which is quite different than command and control but involves the different agencies to recognize the different roles, authorities, missions and culture of others.
The coordination part is one of the vital factors in joint operations where more than one agency is involved. Command and control alone can't ensure the smooth functioning of joint operations. It creates more difficulties when civil and military agencies who are working together have different cultures and ways of working. Both organizations may have the same goal but the different ways of working may hinder the normal flow of action. To minimize this problem a strong coordination approach is needed and this can be achieved by using a personal relationship-based coordination approach. But the personal-based coordination approach is temporary measures as the personal from both the organizations are posted out on a regular basis. To solve this problem permanently a distinct policy-based coordination approach can play the key role. And the earlier one (personal relationship-based coordination approach) can be a supplementary tool to the latter one.