Translate with Google Translate

Baan Mankong: Going to Scale with “Slum” and Squatter Upgrading in Thailand


About this resource

Resource type:Research, reports and studies
Keywords:Government, National & regional actors, Poverty, Shelter and housing, Urban
Author(s):Boonyabancha, S.
Date published:1 April 2005
Publisher:Environment and Urbanization Journal

This paper describes the ambitious national slum and squatter
upgrading programme launched by the Thai government in 2003 and implemented
through the Community Organizations Development Institute (CODI).
The programme centres on providing infrastructure subsidies and housing loans
to low-income communities to support upgrading in situ wherever possible and,
if not, to develop new homes close by. Support is provided not only to community
organizations formed by the urban poor for projects but also to their
networks, to allow them to work with city authorities and other local actors and
with national agencies on city-wide upgrading programmes. It seeks to “go to
scale “ by supporting thousands of community-driven initiatives within citywide
programmes designed and managed by urban poor networks working in
partnership with local actors. The paper gives some background information
about CODI and its predecessor the Urban Community Development Office,
before describing the national upgrading programme.

Before you download this file, please answer two questions to help us monitor usage

1) What do you think you'll use this document for?

  • Other:

1) What is your email address?

2) What is the name of your organisation?

Please answer both questions above Submit

Starting your download...

Pilot version: You are downloading the pilot version of this guide; we welcome any feedback you have. Please email

Close this overlay