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Administration and Governance in Kossovo: Lessons Learned and Lessons to be Learned
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This paper aims to study the dynamics of the post-war administration of Kosovo by the international community. Such a study will use the experiences of the last three years in order to formulate new research questions that may enhance the ability of policy-makers to make knowledgeable decisions. By assessing the UN Mission in Kosovo and its implementation of both civilian and military components of its mandate, this paper identifies key successes and failures related to the administrative dynamics post-war Kosovo.
The paper is organized in four different sections, each one addressing a particular issue related to UNMIK’s performance and drawing the reader’s attention to possible lessons that may be learned from the experience. In the first section, we concentrate on key aspects of Kosovo’s recent history and its place in the regional and international context. In this framework, we explore the legal foundations of the current administration of Kosovo and the performance of the international community (IC) in transferring competencies/responsibilities to newly established local structures. This is followed by a section that examines the performance of three security agencies -- the international military force led by NATO, the international civilian police and the local police service. We then analyze interethnic relations after the war and evaluate the efforts of various international and local actors in promoting reconciliation, dealing with property issues that affect community relations and facilitating the return of displaced populations. Finally, the paper looks at the divided city of Mitrovica as a case study, testing the saliency of issues of international engagement in local levels of administration in post-war Kosovo.