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IASC Cluster Approach Evaluation, Country Study - Chad: 2nd Phase

2nd Phase

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About this resource

Resource type:Evaluation reports
Language:English
Keywords:Cluster coordination, Coordination, Evaluation-related, Joint evaluations, System-wide performance
Regions:Middle Africa
Agency:IASC - Inter Agency Standing Committee
Author(s):Grünewald, F. and B. Sokpoh
Date published:April 2010
Pages:76pp

 Part of a very unstable region, Chad has received waves of refugees from its
neighbours, the Central African Republic (CAR) and Sudan since 2003. The
UNHCR coordinates the assistance and protection provided to the 250 000
Sudanese and Central African Republican refugees in a number of different
camps. This assistance is implemented by NGO partners of the UNHCR.
The arrival of refugees from Darfur and cross-border attacks by armed groups,
increased competition for natural resources, growing insecurity and increasingly
lethal confrontations between communities in 2006-2007 led to the displacement
of large numbers of Chadians. Greater quantities of international aid were sent
and classic camps (referred to as IDP sites to distinguish them from refugee camps)
were set up and managed by the UNHCR. From spring 2007, OCHA supported
the implementation of the Cluster Approach.
The international community and the UN Security Council have been very active
in trying to deal with security problems affecting humanitarians and protection
problems affecting the local population in Eastern Chad. In order to create
favourable conditions for refugees to return home, EU and UN military operations
for Chad and CAR (EUFOR and MINURCAT 1) were deployed1
in 2007-2008.
The EUFOR withdrew from Chad definitively on 15 March 2009 and its mandate
was transferred to MINURCAT 22
.
Presentation of the mission
As part of phase 2 of the Cluster Approach evaluation, an evaluation team travelled
to Chad from 26 October to 11 November 2009. The team met a broad range
of actors including UN agencies, NGOs, Red Cross organisations and donors
present in the field. Most of the field visit took place in Eastern Chad, particularly
in Abéché, Goz Beida and Koukou.

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