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Local Governments and Disaster Risk Reduction: Good Practices and Lessons Learned
About this resource
Urban risk, city planning and the role of local governments in dealing with risk reduction have been recognized as key factors to build resilient communities and nations since the beginning of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 considers that both communities and local authorities should be empowered to manage and reduce disaster risk by having access to the necessary information, resources and authority to implement actions. Poor urban governance, informal settlements on unsafe land, declining ecosystems and vulnerable rural livelihoods
are main underlying risk drivers, which need to be addressed to build safer cities.
In response to the evident lack of a systemic approach to these issues, UNISDR has worked with partners in the ISDR system to build alliances with local government to promote disaster risk reduction at different levels. In 2005 the ISDR Inter-Agency Task Force recommended the 2010-2011 global awareness campaign to focus on urban risk issues and ‘Making Cities
Resilient’. This campaign builds on previous years’ campaigns on disaster reduction education and safe schools and hospitals, which are also important themes for city resilience. In August 2009, an international Conference on “Building a Local Government Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction” was held and hosted by the Metropolitan City of Incheon, Korea, from which the main purpose and content of the 2010-2011 Campaign has emerged. The full text of the “Incheon Declaration”, adopted by the conference participants on 13th August 2009, is available as an annex to this publication.