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Evaluation of the Relief Phase of the International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent Societies/Pakistan Red Crescent Society Monsoon Flash Floods Operation


About this resource

Resource type:Evaluation reports
Keywords:Capacity development, Cash, Disasters, Floods & landslides, Food aid, Food and nutrition, Funding and donors, Governance, Health, Livelihoods, Response and recovery, Shelter, Shelter and housing, Tsunamis, Water and sanitation
Agency:IFRC - International Federation of Red Cross/ Red Cresent Societies
Author(s):Murtaza, Dr. N.


The Pakistan Flood was one of the largest humanitarian emergencies ever in terms of the number
of people affected. UNOCHA estimates indicate that almost 2000 people were killed, over 1.7
million homes were destroyed and almost 18 million people were seriously affected by it. At the
worst point, approximately 20% of Pakistan's total area was underwater, an area bigger than
England. The country suffered extensive damage to health, educational, transportation and
communication infrastructure and crops. The total economic impact is estimated to be as much
as 10 billion USD. While camps have largely been dismantled and the overwhelming percentage
of people has returned to their villages, huge recovery needs persist in the areas of shelter, water,
sanitation, infrastructure and livelihoods in villages.
The IFRC/PRCS joint response, with a total appeal target of over CHF 130,000,000 for a 24
month period, focused on provision of food, NFI, health, water, sanitation, shelter and
livelihoods services to nearly 191, 000 families during the relief phase from August 2010 to
February 2011 in PK, Punjab and Sindh provinces.
The evaluation was commissioned by the IFRC’s Asia Pacific Zonal Office in Kuala Lumpur for
the purpose of accountability and learning. Specifically, it aims to assess the relief phase of the
joint Pakistan Red Crescent Society/International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent
Societies/ Monsoon Flash Floods Operation using the following criteria: compliance with
standards/expectations; relevance and appropriateness; effectiveness; efficiency (including cost
effectiveness); coverage; impact; coherence; connectedness; and accountability to beneficiaries.
The information for the evaluation was collected through secondary documents, interviews with
IFRC and PRCS staff and focus group discussions with 18 communities in the three provinces.
The main evaluation constraints included the high turnover among agency staff and
beneficiaries, the significant length between the end of the relief phase and the evaluation, the
weak documentation and the lack of coordination among IFRC and PRCS about this evaluation.

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