Independent Evaluation of Expenditure of DEC Kosovo Appeal Funds

Author(s)
Wiles, P., Bradbury, M., Buchanan-Smith, M., Collins, S., Cosgrave, J., Hallam, A., Mece, M., Norman, N., Prodanovic, A., Shackman, J., and Watson, F.
Language
English
Pages
158pp
Date published
01 Aug 2000
Type
Evaluation reports
Keywords
Food and nutrition, Protection, human rights & security, Response and recovery, Shelter and housing, Water and sanitation
Countries
Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Organisations
Disasters Emergency Committee

This is a joint evaluation of the expenditure of funds raised by the Disasters Emergency Committee in the UK. This independent evaluation of expenditure of DEC Kosovo appeal funds covers the period between April 1999 and January 2000. The report describes the operational and policy issues, complexities and challenges faced by the 12 DEC member agencies in responding to the Kosovo emergency. The Kosovo emergency was regional in nature and comprised three distinct but interlinked phases: the rapid flight of Kosovo Albanian refugees into neighbouring countries, the almost equally rapid return of the majority of those refugees to Kosovo and the subsequent flight of Kosovo Serbs and Roma from Kosovo, mainly into Serbia and Bosnia. The international humanitarian response met most of the basic needs of affected populations in terms of food, shelter and water supplies, in spite of the speed and scale of these population movements, the threat of a hard Balkan winter and, in some cases, the difficulties of access. There were very low rates of mortality and an absence of starvation and epidemics. The evaluation notes that many factors contributed to this outcome, of which humanitarian aid may not have been the most important. However, international assistance did improve the conditions of the affected populations and the DEC agencies undoubtedly made a positive contribution.