Missed Opportunities: The Case for Strengthening National and Local Partnership-Based Humanitarian Responses

Ramalingam, B., Gray, B. & Cerruti, G.
Publication language
Date published
01 Oct 2013
Research, reports and studies
Accountability and Participation, Accountability to affected populations (AAP), Capacity development, Local capacity, Partnerships, NGOs

Partnerships with national and local actors have long been identified as a source of problems in international humanitarian aid. Major evaluations of numerous high profile humanitarian crises – most notably that of the Indian Ocean tsunami – have identified insufficient investment in, and commitment
to, such partnerships as the biggest hinderance to effective performance. The
reality is that efforts to work with national and local actors do not play a central role in the majority of international humanitarian work. This amounts to a longstanding systemic issue for the sector as a whole, which has persisted despite the efforts made by individual agencies to invest time and effort in this area

This study is the first output of a research project commissioned by five UK-based international humanitarian non-governmental organisations (INGOs) – ActionAid, Cafod, Christian Aid, Oxfam GB and Tearfund. The main purpose of the project was to look at the current and future potential of partnerships with national non-governmental organisations (NNGOs) in humanitarian response, based on lessons from across the commissioning agencies in four major emergency settings.