The Economic Effeects of Syrian Refugees on Turkey: A Synthetic Modelling

Öztürkler, H. and Göksel, T.
Publication language
Date published
31 Jan 2015
Research, reports and studies
Forced displacement and migration, Host Communities, Targeting, Identification and Profiling
ORSAM - Center for Middle Eastern Strategic Studies

This report analyzes the economic effects of Syrian refugees in two dimensions. First of all, on the basis of the synthetic modelling method, it estimates the time paths of economic variables such as net migration rate, foreign trade, employment, education services, health services, and housing in immensely refuge receiving provinces, namely Gaziantep, Hatay, Kilis, Sanliurfa, Mersin, Adana, Kahramanmaras, Osmaniye, and then compares it with the actual values of these variables. The difference reflects the effects of Syrian refuges on these variables.

The second dimension of the study is based on the face to face interviews with locals in Gaziantep, Hatay, Kilis, and Sanliurfa. Through these interviews, the study attempts to measure and assess the locals’ perceptions regarding the effects of refugees on these variables. Whether or not the integration of refugees will be a smooth process will depend not only on legal and institutional frameworks and provisions but also refugees’ economic, social and demographic characteristics. Therefore, the study conducted face to face interviews with Syrian refugees living outside the cams in Gaziantep, Hatay, Kilis, and Sanliurfa in order to gather information about their education levels, employment status, income levels, food and rent expenditures, and if their children receive education.